Regions of Abdomen

PT Master Guide

REGIONS

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Nine Regions of abdomen are :

TOP :

Right hypochondrium region(RHC)

Epigastric region

Left hypochondrium region (LHC)

CENTRE:

Right lumbar region

Umbilical region

Left lumbar region

BOTTOM : 

Right iliac (inguinal) region

Hypogastric region

Left iliac (inguinal) region

ORGAN DISTRIBUTION

Right hypcochondrium

Small intestine, right kidney, gallbladder, liver

Left hypochondrium

Pancreas, left kidney, colon, spleen

Epigastrium

Adrenal glands, spleen, pancreas, duodenum, liver, stomach

Right lumbar region

Right colon, liver, gallbladder

Left lumbar region

Left kidney, descending colon

Umbilical region

Duodenum, ileum, jejunum, umbilicus

Right iliac region

Cecum, appendix

Left iliac region

Sigmoid colon, descending colon

Hypogastrium

Female reproductive organs, sigmoid colon, urinary bladder

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CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

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The LLQ may be painful in case of colitis, diverticulitis, uretral colic, ovarian cyst, pelvic inflammatory disease.

The LUQ may be painful or tender in case of intestine mal rotation .

The RUQ may be painful or tender in case of hepatitis , cholecystitis, and peptic ulcer.

The…

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