Low Back Pain

PT Master Guide

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Pain in lower part of spine i.e lower thoracolumbar, lumbar and lumbosacral region of spine.

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CAUSES

More than 80% Adults experience Low back pain at some point in life

Prevalence increases with age until 60-65 years age

Men and Women are equally affected

Second Common Reason for Medical Evaluation

Most Common Cause of Work Related Disability

CAUSES

Sudden Injury (Strains and Sprains)

Compression Fracture (Osteoporosis)

Cancer

Osteoarthritis

Lumbago

Sciatica

Herniated Disk

Spinal Stenosis

Degenerative disc disease

Lumbar Spondylosis

Spondylolisthesis

Paget’s Disease

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Kidney Stones

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Premenstrual Syndrome

Prostatitis

Spinal Abscess

Endometriosis

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Cervical (cervix) Dysplasia

Miscarriage

Osteomyelitis

Urethritis

Reactive Arthritis

Scoliosis

Kyphosis

Lordosis

Ectopic Pregnancy

Multiple Myeloma

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION AND DIAGNOSIS

In Physiotherapy following ” Special Tests” are applied to evaluate causes if low back pain

STRAIGHT LEG RAISE TEST
For detail watch video

Gaenslen’s Test
For detail watch video

Well Leg Straight…

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